CHAIYAN00

การเดินทางของข้าพเจ้า

CHAIYAN00

Archive for March, 2012

Spain

leave a comment

In recent weeks, Spain has watched with concern the escalation of tension in the markets. Since mid-March, Spanish rates back dangerously. Friday, yields on ten-year bonds have pressed the bar during the meeting and are now 5.50% higher than the Italian. Dithering around the target deficit for this year have generated unease and misunderstanding among investors, who worry about the state of public finances of the country.
“Spain is on track to restate its accounts,” said this weekend the European Commissioner for Economic Affairs, Olli Rehn. But “there was a feeling that the country had relaxed its fiscal targets, and has seen the past two weeks in a market reaction with several tenths of a basis point (increase) in the Spanish bond yields, which for the first time in many years exceeded those of the Italian rate, “added the Commissioner. “It illustrates how the situation remains fragile,” he said, urging Madrid to take his goal of returning the public deficit in the nails of the European Union late 2013, or face a sanction of financial markets .

Written by chaiyan00

March 26th, 2012 at 1:55 am

Posted in เศรษฐกิจ

Tagged with

ชีวิตบนฤดูใบไม้ผลิ2012

leave a comment

ท้ายสุด…หลังจากเข้าไปนั่งหลังขดหลังแข็งถ่างตานั่งเรียนหนังอยู่ในห้องของ โรงเรียนในเขตที่13ของปารีสอยู่เป็นเวลาสี่เดือนกับตัวเลขที่ถูกสาดมาให้จากครูผู้สอนอยู่ทุกวัน..เราก็จะต้องเข้าไปฝึกงานในบริษัทตามโปรแกมที่ตั้งไว้..เพื่อนๆในกลุ่มหลายคนต้องเลิกเรียนกลางคันเพราะหาที่ลงไม่ได้  เราเองโชคดีที่บริษัทการท่องเที่ยว TOP OF TRAVEL ในเขตที่ 12 ของปารีสได้เอื้ออำนวยให้เราเข้าไปฝึกงานในบริษัท ที่มีธุรกิจการสร้างแพคเก็จท้วร์ให้กับลูกค้าในยุโรป.ที่เราต้องฝากขอบคุณเอาไว้ ณ ที่นี้.ทำให้แผนพัฒนาชีวิตใหม่ได้เริ่มขึ้น.ชีวิตกับการต่อสู้ในยุโรปของข้าพเจ้าได้ก่อตัวขึ้นอีกครั้งกับความหวังใหม่ในการดำเนินชีวิตบนฤดูใบไม้ผลิที่กำลังจะย่างเข้ามา….

Written by chaiyan00

March 18th, 2012 at 1:07 pm

Posted in ชีวิต-สังคม

Tagged with

FMI

leave a comment

Executive Director International Monetary Fund (IMF), Christine Lagarde, was received Saturday in Beijing by Chinese Vice Premier Wang Qishan, with whom she discussed including the reform of the Fund, reported unspecified agency new China.
China wants more influence in the IMF and Lagarde announced earlier this month have appointed a Chinese Jianhai Lin, as secretary of the institution, a key position to forge the necessary compromises between member states.
The spokesman for Ms. Lagarde, Gerry Rice, had also indicated that any increase in the contribution of China to finance the IMF would be discussed in Beijing.
The Director of the IMF on Friday urged member states of the organization to act without delay to allow the reform to amend the representation of countries within it to enter into force on schedule.
The Fund’s member states agreed in December 2010, a package of reforms of quotas and IMF governance.
These should come into force in January 2013 and lead to a doubling of quotas (resources important to the organization), and a readjustment of the permanent contributions of each state capital of the Fund, and a change in the composition board to reflect the growing importance of emerging countries.
It is however far from enough to make this reform can actually be implemented, according to the Fund.
Christine Lagarde will participate Sunday in Beijing for the Forum on China’s development, where she will deliver the keynote address. She will then travel to India on 19 and 20 March.

Written by chaiyan00

March 18th, 2012 at 12:41 pm

Posted in เศรษฐกิจ

Tagged with

Greek Debts

leave a comment

Greece is currently completing the largest debt restructuring in the history of a country. It prevents the release of uncontrolled road but must still finish organizing his own bankruptcy. Certainly, private creditors 83.5% of Greece agreed to drop 53.5% of their shares, said Athens, Friday, March 9 in the morning. But the Greek government decided to use force – and force lenders reluctant to take their losses.
The operation must be able to delete half of the 206 billion worth of loans made by the country’s banks, insurers and other funds. And help bring to 120.5% of GDP debt Hellenic in 2020, against 160% today. A very high level, which does not put the country safe.

The specter of a disorderly bankruptcy of Greece is thus rejected. But the government has nevertheless decided to request the initiation of collective action clauses (CAC), action assorted obligations under Greek law – the vast majority of loans in Athens – and forcing recalcitrant creditors to join the restructuring.

These measures are expected to bring to a 95.7% turnout and clear about 105 billion euros of debt Hellenic, now € 360 billion. Friday afternoon, the Minister Evangelos Venizelos Finance would present these findings at a conference of finance ministers of the euro area.

“We avoided the main risk, a disorderly failure of Greece, Judge Christian Parisot, economist at Aurel BGC. True success was however not to go through the activation of ACC. With them, it’s a real failure Official. ” “The ACC is a political and economic, believes his side Moec Gilles, at Deutsche Bank. You had to go after what was possible in terms of relief on the overall level of Greek debt.”

ISDA, the association of users of financial derivatives, was to meet Friday afternoon to decide if this procedure is, in the jargon of finance, a “credit event”. If respondents answered yes, as most observers expect it would trigger the payment of CDS (Credit Default Swap), these financial products to ensure against the failure of a creditor, and would set a precedent in the area euro.Une after that Greece and the Europeans have tried for months to avoid prior to play down the risks of late.

“STRUCTURAL REFORMS”

“Last August, when the tension was extreme, a credit event would have had a heavy impact on markets. We won the time is what counts in the markets where the credit event was anticipated now” says M.Parisot.

Anyway, the operation is a success for the Greek government, including the level of trust among Europeans had fallen to the lowest. The government has effectively led the negotiations, which will allow it to partially correct judgments about the broken promises, which led the “troika” of donors – European Commission, European Central Bank and International Monetary Fund – to harden its requirements.

Mr. Venizelos said the government did not relax its efforts and wanted to “implement measures to achieve fiscal adjustment and structural reforms, which he had committed.” This is a personal success for Mr. Venizelos bringing the negotiations for several months, as he prepares to run for the head of the Greek socialist party, PASOK.

Nevertheless, Greece is not out of the woods. The debt restructuring plan and the second with 130 billion euros of international donors in the country should in theory allow it to reduce its public debt of 160% of GDP today to 120.5% by 2015. But some doubt that this path is held.

“The Greek case is far from over. The country’s return to growth, control public deficits and reform of the country are still ahead, noted analysts at CM-CIC Securities. We still consider that the state, Greece is not able to meet its objectives and to reduce its debt levels to 120% by 2020. It will be very difficult to avoid a new aid plan for Greece. ” The German weekly Der Spiegel reported recently that the “Troika” considers that Greece might need a third aid plan of 50 billion euros in 2015, unable to return to markets.

The track is narrower than all the Greek people continues to display a confusion of deeper and deeper face of austerity measures repeated. Mr. Venizelos has also thanked the private creditors Friday of “sharing the sacrifices of the Greek people in this historic effort.” The day before new unemployment figures had fallen: in December 2011, 21% of the population was unemployed, against 10.2% two years earlier, a rate that rises to 51.1% among those under 24 years.

Written by chaiyan00

March 10th, 2012 at 8:04 pm

Posted in เศรษฐกิจ

Tagged with

China Americo Trade

leave a comment

Trade tensions between Beijing and Washington are mounted a notch. Following the adoption on Tuesday by the House of Representatives a bill on the punitive U.S. imports from China, still under-the signature of Barack Obama – Chinese Commerce Minister Chen Deming, banged his fist on the table. While considering the imposition of countervailing duties on Chinese products 24 (including one from Vietnam) is against the rules of the World Trade Organization (WTO), he dismissed the persistent calls for a reassessment of Yuan. Indicating some climbing: Chinese authorities have discussed the bailout of the U.S. auto industry by Washington as an example of massive subsidy and also warned Apple, in veiled terms, the working conditions at subcontractors .
“We are observing the rules of the WTO, but we have no obligation to follow laws or national regulations of any country that go beyond international rules”, has protested the Chinese Commerce Minister Chen Deming on the sidelines of the annual conference of the Parliament. Worse, he invoked the rescue of the U.S. auto sector in 2008 as an example of massive intervention in the United States. “The U.S. government has subsidized its Big Three automakers … and China did not criticize the initiatives adopted or punitive measures, “says the Chinese Minister in Washington calling for” dialogue open heart. ”
Meanwhile, following the controversy over working conditions at Foxconn, the subcontractor Chinese Apple employs some 1.2 million employees, the Labour Minister Yin Weimin warned foreign companies, without citing name, the fact that the problems of long working hours or low wages will be “severely dealt with.”
Tuesday voted by the House of Representatives by a very majority (370 votes against 39), the U.S. bill aims to restore the ability of the Department of Commerce to impose countervailing duties on 24 products subsidized by reversing a court ruling in December that Obama administration had no such legal basis for imposing, in September 2009, the punitive tariffs on imports of Chinese tires. “China does not have a free pass to violate the rules at the expense of American jobs,” said the President of the Senate Finance Committee, Max Baucus, ruling that the punitive measures already adopted since 2007 have already to save 80,000 jobs in the United States.
Faced with Republican candidate Mitt Romney has promised to designate China as a “currency manipulator” the day after his election, President Barack Obama intends to maintain a firm line on the undervaluation of the Chinese currency and the U.S. trade deficit with Beijing, which reached $ 295 billion in 2011.

Written by chaiyan00

March 8th, 2012 at 2:01 am

Posted in เศรษฐกิจ

Tagged with